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Resources

Learn the Arabic Alphabet in Less than an Hour

November 9, 2019 — by Shehab Ali0

The Arabic alphabet can be difficult to learn for English speakers. Unlike English, the letters are written from right to left. They also change form to join other letters depending on their position in the word. This free Arabic lesson will teach you an easy way to remember the Arabic alphabet using mnemonic devices. You’ll be reading and writing the Arabic script in as little as two hours.

ب

Unlike English, the letters in the Arabic alphabet join together when forming words. Every letter has three forms: initial, middle and final. The letter ‘ب’ is the equivalent of ‘B’. 

boat

You can easily remember the letter by thinking of a boat. Notice how the oar is at the BOTTOM of the BOAT.

Baa'ب

Grab a paper and a pen and practice writing it a few times.

Resources

Learn to Speak Arabic: Lesson One

March 31, 2019 — by Shehab Ali3

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This script should only be used as reference and to help you pronounce difficult words. Please do not read it whilst listening to the Introduction to Gulf Arabic audio lesson.

A New Approach to Language Learning

Hello, my name is Shehab Ali. Over the next three months, I’m going to teach you how to speak Gulf Arabic using a method I’ve developed based on the Lexical Approach by Michael Lewis. Traditional methods of language instruction rely on breaking down language into grammar and vocabulary. You’re asked to understand complex grammatical rules that don’t make any instinctive sense and to memorise long lists of words that are void of any context. These methods simply don’t work.

I’m going to teach you using a much more natural approach which will give you a practical and functional use of the language in less than 24 hours of learning time. I will break down the language into simple chunks or phrases and introduce them to you in a way that you’ll find enjoyable and rewarding. Within the first lesson, you will be able to effortlessly construct simple sentences, which will become more and more complex as we progress. At the end of the course, you’ll be able to understand and speak Arabic with confidence.

How long to fluency?

Since I started teaching Arabic in 2010, the first question I would be asked is, ‘How long before I become fluent?’ Fluency is a life-long pursuit. It’s difficult to define and even more difficult to measure. It’s also hard to divide fluency into levels; you’re either fluent or not. I’d rather use the word ‘proficient’. Once you complete the course, you’ll be proficient enough to have a conversation in Arabic that would last at least an hour. I’ll then teach you how to increase your vocabulary on a daily basis. My objective is to get you to a level where you no longer need language instruction.

The Arabic Language

Prior to Islam, Arabian society was largely oral; they relied largely on human memory to preserve their history and culture and pass it on to succeeding generations. In the 7th century the Arabian world underwent a massive research endeavour to record and systematize the syntax and morphology of the Arabic language in order to produce an authoritative version of the Quran: an effort that would result in a written language that has remained remarkably unchanged over the centuries. This is perhaps why Arabic is regarded as the best-preserved model of a Semitic language.

This same written language, Modern Standard Arabic, is still widely taught today in schools and universities, and to some degree in governments and news media. Most Arabs understand the language but they don’t speak it. The language has been removed from everyday speech for over a millennium.

Arabs speak in their local dialects which are collectively referred to as Colloquial Arabic. Although these dialects differ radically from Standard Arabic, most Arabs can understand each other. There are over thirty dialects, and they are grouped into Gulf Arabic, Levantine Arabic and North African Arabic. Arabs speak in their native dialect but read and write in Standard Arabic.

Arguments Against Purism or Why Study Gulf Arabic?

A larger number of institutions and teachers today insist on teaching Modern Standard Arabic to non-native speakers. They argue that it’s the most universal version of Arabic and that it can be easily understood by all Arabic speakers. Some even claim that Standard Arabic is the purist form of the language, or even more absurdly: it sounds better.

You can make the same argument for English and see how ridiculous they are. Instead of teaching English learners everyday common phrases, we should teach them phrases like ‘Good dawning to thee!’ or ‘How art though?’ We could also say that Latin, what used to be the European lingua franca, should be taught instead of Italian, French or Spanish. Latin after all sounds better!

Modern Standard Arabic is an important tool for those who want to study the language for purely linguistic reasons, to have access to Arabic literature or to study theology. Most people will understand you if you chose to speak it, but you’ll have a incredibly difficult time understanding them. Colloquial Arabic is much for relevant for everyday usage. It’s much easier to learn since its grammar has been simplified over time, and it tends to have more loan words from English. Like most Arabs, you can always make the move to the more complex Modern Standard Arabic later.

Three Rules

Before we begin, there are three non-negotiable rules for this course to work. The first is to let go of the fear of not remembering. You don’t need to remember anything. You simply have to pay your full attention and let me bare that responsibility.

The second is to never write anything down. Get rid of any pens or papers next to you. At first, you might think you’ll write a word or two down but soon enough it will become obsessive, and you’ll find yourself recording the entire lesson. You can find all the lesson scripts, including this introduction, on the website. You can access them at anytime even though you’ll never need them.

The third rule is to never review the lessons. You should give your mind enough time to rest between lessons. Forgetting is the only way information can move from working memory into long-term memory and become knowledge. This course is not a supplement. You don’t need any apps or additional instruction.

Most importantly, enjoy yourself!

But most importantly, try to enjoy yourself! Any form of anxiety can impede your learning. Make sure you’re in a relaxed environment and that you won’t be disturbed. You can use your headphones so you can hear clearly. During the lesson, you’ll be prompted to either answer a question or repeat a word. Once you hear a beep, pause the recording, take your time and answer or repeat the word and then play to hear my response.

Gulf Arabic: Lesson One

I Am

The Arabic word for I am is ‘Ana.’ It’s one word, ‘Ana.’

Can you repeat that?         Ana

Now, how would you say ‘I’m Jack?’       Ana Jack.

I’m Sara         Ana Sara.

I’m Ahmad    Ana Ahmad.

There are two h’s in Arabic. The first is pronounced exactly like the English in words like ‘hotel’ or ‘hammer.’ The other comes from the diaphragm ‘h.’ Pronunciation takes a little time to perfect. It’s physical, and it needs exercise. You should consciously make an effort every time and eventually, it will become easier.

So, can you say, ‘I’m Ahmad,’ again?     Ana Ahmad.

You Are

The word for ‘you are’ is ‘enta.’     It’s also one word, ‘enta.’

Can you repeat that?         Enta

If you hadn’t noticed, the only difference between ‘ana’ and ‘enta’ is the letter ‘t’ in ‘enta.’ This ‘t’ is used whenever you’re speaking to someone. It doesn’t matter whether you pronounce it as ‘enta’ or ‘anta.’ ‘Anta’ is Standard Arabic and ‘enta’ is pronounced in most dialects. In fact, vowels are not so important in Arabic. They’re not even written down in Arabic unless they’re at the end of a word. I’ll explain this in a bit.

Again, what’s the word for ‘you’ in Arabic?       Enta

How would you say ‘you are David?’       Enta David.

You are Ahmad                    Enta Ahmad

How would you ask ‘Are you Ahmad?’    Enta Ahmad?

The only difference is raising the pitch at the end if you want to ask a question: ‘Enta Ahmad?’

Are you Michael?    Enta Michael?

Unlike English, Arabic distinguishes between the male and the female in the word ‘you.’ If you’re speaking to a man, you would say ‘enta,’ but if you’re speaking to a woman, you would say ‘enti.’

So now, speaking to a woman, how would you ask ‘Are you Sara?’ Enti Sara?

Are you Judy?           Enti Judy?

The word for ‘yes’ is ‘ee.’

How would you say ‘yes, I am Judy?’       Ee, ana Judy.

Are you Noor?          Enti Noor?

Yes, I am Noor.         Ee, Ana Noor.

Loan Words

With the spread of Islam starting in the 7th century, the Arabic language had an influence on many languages including Latin. Words like Alchemy, Alcohol, Algebra, Algorithm, Arsenal, Assassin, Jasmine, Orange, Safari and Sugar, to name a few, entered English through Latin or other Romance languages.

When the last Muslim empire was defeated at the end of the 19th century. Arab countries were colonised by western countries. As a result, colloquial Arabic was influenced by western languages. Today North African Arabic uses many words that were originally French where as in the Gulf, loan words from English entered the spoken language. Words like ‘telivizyon,’ ‘telifon,’ ‘internet,’ ‘combutar,’ ‘bank,’ ‘filim’ and ‘dictor.’

Now, how would you say ‘I am a Doctor?’         Ana dictor.

Are you a doctor? (male)              Enta dictor?

The word for ‘manager’ is ‘mudeer.’

Can you repeat that?         Mudeer

How would you say ‘I am a manager’?   Ana mudeer.

Ahmad is a manager.         Ahmad mudeer.

The Feminine

Most Arab female names end with the letter ‘a’. The reason is because a lot of those names are descriptions. In Arabic female nouns and adjectives end with the letter ‘a’. So ‘mudeer’ would be a male manager but ‘mudeera’ is a female manager. The same goes for ‘dictor,’ which is a male doctor.

What would be a female doctor?             Dictora

So as a woman, how would you say, ‘I am a doctor?’ Ana dictora.

Sara is a doctor        Sara dictora

Are you a manager? (speaking to a woman)    Enti mudeera?

No, I’m a Doctor (as a woman)     La, ana dictora

Thank you for listening to the recording. This lesson is part of a complete course, ‘Arcana’s Speak Gulf Arabic in 48 Hours’, which will be available on ‘arabiconlineschool.com‘ in early 2020. If you’d like to start learning Arabic now, you can book a private lesson on Skype. We offer courses in both Modern Standard Arabic and Gulf Arabic. Refer to the ‘FAQ‘ section for further details.

Related:

Resources

Frequently Asked Questions

January 15, 2019 — by Shehab Ali0

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The course is twenty-four hours long. Each lesson lasts an hour. If you take two lessons a week, you’ll complete the course in three months, at which time you will be competent enough to converse in Arabic. You can continue taking lessons if you wish to learn more vocabulary in a specific field. You will, however, have the tools to continue learning on your own.

40 USD per lesson.

One-on-one lessons are the most effective since everyone learns at a different pace.

Arcana Institute is located in Bahrain. However, we no longer receive students. The lessons are delivered exclusively over Skype. This is simply far more convenient for everyone.

Fluency is a life-long pursuit; it’s difficult to define and even more difficult to measure. It’s also hard to divide fluency into levels: you’re either fluent or not. I’d rather use the word ‘proficient.’ Once you complete the course, you’ll be proficient enough to have a conversation in Arabic that would last at least an hour. I’ll then teach you how to increase your vocabulary on a daily basis. My objective is to get you to a level where you no longer need language instruction. 

No matter your level, I’ll adjust to your proficiency and learning pace. 

I have a BA in Philosophy with a minor in Linguistics. I have been teaching Arabic to non-native speakers since 2010. In 2012, I started an institute in order to handle a larger number of students. In 2015 we decided to stop receiving students in order to focus on building an online digital platform for Arabic learners. Arabic Online School is set to launch in early 2020.