The word for ‘you are’ is ‘enta.’ It’s also one word, ‘enta.’
Can you repeat that? Enta
If you hadn’t noticed, the only difference between ‘ana’ and ‘enta’ is the letter ‘t’ in ‘enta.’ This ‘t’ is used whenever you’re speaking to someone. It doesn’t matter whether you pronounce it as ‘enta’ or ‘anta.’ ‘Anta’ is Standard Arabic and ‘enta’ is pronounced in most dialects. In fact, vowels are not so important in Arabic. They’re not even written down in Arabic unless they’re at the end of a word. I’ll explain this in a bit.
Again, what’s the word for ‘you’ in Arabic? Enta
How would you say ‘you are David?’ Enta David.
You are Ahmad Enta Ahmad
How would you ask ‘Are you Ahmad?’ Enta Ahmad?
The only difference is raising the pitch at the end if you want to ask a question: ‘Enta Ahmad?’
Are you Michael? Enta Michael?
Unlike English, Arabic distinguishes between the male and the female in the word ‘you.’ If you’re speaking to a man, you would say ‘enta,’ but if you’re speaking to a woman, you would say ‘enti.’
So now, speaking to a woman, how would you ask ‘Are you Sara?’ Enti Sara?
Are you Judy? Enti Judy?
The word for ‘yes’ is ‘ee.’
How would you say ‘yes, I am Judy?’ Ee, ana Judy.
Are you Noor? Enti Noor?
Yes, I am Noor. Ee, Ana Noor.
With the spread of Islam starting in the 7th century, the Arabic language had an influence on many languages including Latin. Words like Alchemy, Alcohol, Algebra, Algorithm, Arsenal, Assassin, Jasmine, Orange, Safari and Sugar, to name a few, entered English through Latin or other Romance languages.
When the last Muslim empire was defeated at the end of the 19th century. Arab countries were colonised by western countries. As a result, colloquial Arabic was influenced by western languages. Today North African Arabic uses many words that were originally French where as in the Gulf, loan words from English entered the spoken language. Words like ‘telivizyon,’ ‘telifon,’ ‘internet,’ ‘combutar,’ ‘bank,’ ‘filim’ and ‘dictor.’
Now, how would you say ‘I am a Doctor?’ Ana dictor.
Are you a doctor? (male) Enta dictor?
The word for ‘manager’ is ‘mudeer.’
Can you repeat that? Mudeer
How would you say ‘I am a manager’? Ana mudeer.
Ahmad is a manager. Ahmad mudeer.
Most Arab female names end with the letter ‘a’. The reason is because a lot of those names are descriptions. In Arabic female nouns and adjectives end with the letter ‘a’. So ‘mudeer’ would be a male manager but ‘mudeera’ is a female manager. The same goes for ‘dictor,’ which is a male doctor.
What would be a female doctor? Dictora
So as a woman, how would you say, ‘I am a doctor?’ Ana dictora.
Sara is a doctor Sara dictora
Are you a manager? (speaking to a woman) Enti mudeera?
No, I’m a Doctor (as a woman) La, ana dictora